The area of diagnosing and treating concussion is a highly debated and evolving science.
Concussion symptoms present in four catagories:
♦ physical symptoms (dizziness, headache)
♦ cognitive symptoms (difficulty concentrating or remembering)
♦ emotional/behavioral (depression, irritability)
♦ sleeping (drowsiness, or an inability to fall asleep)
It can occur with or without a loss of consciousness.
This statement paper was published on March 18, 2013 by the American Academy of Neurology. Access to this position paper will require a Palmer College login.
This position paper was published in 2013 by the British Journal of Sports Medicine. Access to this position paper will require a Palmer College login.
From the abstract:
"The article presents a revision and an update of the recommendations for concussion in sport based on deliberations at the 4th International Conference on Concussion in Sport held in Zurich, Switzerland in November 2012. It offers a summary of concussion and its management with updates from the previous meetings. It outlines the symptoms and signs of acute concussion. It discusses the application of neuropsychological (NP) testing in concussion."
This consensus paper was a collaborative effort of the following six major professional organizations: American Academy of Family Physicians, American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, American College of Sports Medicine, American Medical Society for Sports Medicine, American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine, and the American Osteopathic Academy of Sports Medicine.