American Medical Association
The citation style of the American Medical Association (AMA) is used primarily in medical research.
Here, you will find basic AMA citation formats for books, print journals, online journals, and websites. For information that is more detailed and specific, feel free to consult the AMA Manual of Style (shown on right). Additional resources are available at the following links:
Palmer College of Chiropractic is not responsible for the content of the external websites contained in this research guide. The views and opinions of the authors expressed in these external websites do not necessarily state or reflect those of Palmer College of Chiropractic.
AMA Citation Format for Books
Author AA, Penner B, Author CC. Book Title. Edition. City, State (or Country) of publisher; Publisher; copyright year.
Decherney AH, Nathan L, Goodwin TM, Laufer N. Current Diagnosis & Treatment Obstetrics & Gynecology. 10th ed. New York, NY; McGraw; 2007.
Haneline MT. Evidence-Based Chiropractic Practice. Sudbury, MA; Jones and Bartlett; 2007.
Purtilo RB, Doherty RF. Ethical Dimensions in the Health Professions. 5th ed. St. Louis, MO; Elsevier; 2011.
AMA Citation Format for Periodicals
Author DE, Writer F, Penner GG. Article Title. Journal Title Abbreviation. Year; volume(issue number): article pages.
Graham RL, Spencer JH. Ramsey Theory. Sci Am. 1990; 263(1): 112-117
Keating FR. Diagnosis of Primary Hyperparathyroidism: Clinical and Laboratory Aspects. JAMA. 1961; 178(6): 547-555.
Nafziger R, Meseke JK, Meseke CA. Collaborative Testing: The Effect of Group Formation Process on Overall Student Performance. J Chiropr Educ. 2011; 25(1): 11-15.
AMA Citation Format for Online Journals
Author H, Author IJ, Writer KK. Article Title. Journal Title Abbreviation. Year; volume(issue number): article pages. Available from: DOI or URL
Chapman E, Bilton D. Patients' Knowledge of Cystic Fibrosis: Genetic Determinism and Implications for Treatment. J Genet Couns. 2004; 13(5): 369-385. Available from: http://search.proquest.com/docview/218650645?accountid=28366
Detterbeck FC, Tanoue LT, Boffa DJ. Anatomy, Biology and Concepts, Pertaining to Lung Cancer Stage Classification. J Thorac Oncol. 2009; 4(4): 437-443. Available from: 10.1097/JTO.0b013e31819852ed
AMA Citation Format for Websites
Author AA. Article or page title. Publisher or sponsor. Available at: URL. Updated Month Date, Year. Accessed Month Date, Year.
Ogutu M. Raspberries & more. University of Illinois Extension. Available at: http://urbanext.illinois.edu/raspberries/. Accessed Feb 16, 2014.
Wendler D. The ethics of clinical research. Stanford University. Available at: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/clinical-research/. Updated Sept 20, 2012. Accessed Feb 16, 2014.
AMA Style Guidebook
Additional Tips and Guidelines
- Author names should always be formatted as "Surname, Initials" with no spaces or periods separating initials
- Capitalize every major word in the title
- Italicize the titles of books, websites, and journals
- Titles of individual articles are left unitalicized, with no quotation marks either
- For periodicals, use the abbreviated title as found on the NLM Catalog of NCBI Journals