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A guide to citing books, print and online articles and websites for research purposes. Styles included: AMA, APA, Chicago/Turabian, ICMJE Recommendations, and MLA. Also features a guide to using RefWorks.
Last Updated: May 9, 2017 URL: http://library.palmer.edu/citationstyles Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

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Chicago Manual of Style

The Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) is used primarily in social sciences and humanities research.

Here, you will find basic CMS citation formats for books, print journals, online journals, and websites.

For information that is more detailed and specific, feel free to consult The Chicago Manual of Style or Kate Turabian's A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (shown on right), or the following link:

 

Additional Tips and Guidelines

  • CMS format allows for citations to be listed as a bibliography or as footnotes, so two options are given in each example.
  • When putting sources in a bibliography, list them alphabetically.
  • When using footnotes, list sources in the order you cited them in the text.
  • Note that there are multiple formatting differences between bibliographic and footnote citations.
 

Website Disclaimer

Disclaimer: 

Palmer College of Chiropractic is not responsible for the content of the external websites contained in this research guide. The views and opinions of the authors expressed in these external websites do not necessarily state or reflect those of Palmer College of Chiropractic.

CMS Citation Format for Books

Basic Format:

Writer, Wanda W. Book Title. Edition. City of Publication: Publisher, Year Published.

OR

1. Wanda W. Writer, Book Title. Edition. City of Publication: Publisher, Year Published.

Sample Citations:

Haneline, Michael T. Evidence-Based Chiropractic Practice. Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett, 2007.

Purtilo, Ruth B. and Regina F. Doherty. Ethical Dimensions in the Health Professions. 5th ed. St. Louis: Elsevier, 2011.

OR

1. Ruth B. Purtilo and Regina F. Doherty, Ethical Dimensions in the Health Professions. 5th ed. St. Louis: Elsevier, 2011.

2. Michael T. Haneline, Evidence-Based Chiropractic Practice. Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett, 2007.

Additional Resources:

CMS Citation Format for Periodicals

Basic Format:

Author, Allison A. "Article Title." Journal Title Volume, no. Issue (Year): article pages.

OR

1. Allison A. Author, "Article Title," Journal Title Volume, no. Issue (Year): page of specific citation.

Sample Citations:

Graham, Ronald L. and Joel H. Spencer. "Ramsey Theory." Scientific American 263, no. 1 (1990): 112-117.

Keating, F. Raymond. "Diagnosis of Primary Hyperparathyroidism: Clinical and Laboratory Aspects." Journal of the American Medical Association 178, no. 6 (1961): 547-555.

Nafziger, Rita, Meseke, Jamie K. and Christopher A. Meseke. "Collaborative Testing: The Effect of Group Formation Process on Overall Student Performance." Journal of Chiropractic Education 25, no. 1 (2011): 11-15.

OR

1. Ronald L. Graham and Joel H. Spencer, "Ramsey Theory," Scientific American 263, no. 1 (1990): 113.

2. Rita Nafziger, Jamie K. Meseke, and Christopher A. Meseke, "Collaborative Testing: The Effect of Group Formation Process on Overall Student Performance," Journal of Chiropractic Education 25, no. 1 (2011): 14.

3. F. Raymond Keating, "Diagnosis of Primary Hyperparathyroidism: Clinical and Laboratory Aspects," Journal of the American Medical Association 178, no. 6 (1961): 553.

Additional Resources:

CMS Citation Format for Online Journals

Basic Format:

Writer, Wanda W. "Article Title." Journal Title Volume, no. Issue (Year): article pages. Accessed Month Date, Year. DOI or URL.

OR

1. Wanda W. Writer, "Article Title," Journal Title Volume, no. Issue (Year): page of specific citation, accessed Month Date, Year, DOI or URL.

Sample Citations:

Chapman, Elizabeth and Diana Bilton. "Patients' Knowledge of Cystic Fibrosis: Genetic Determinism and Implications for Treatment." Journal of Genetic Counseling 15, no. 3 (2004): 369-385. Accessed Feb 16, 2014. http://search.proquest.com/docview/218650645?accountid=28366.

Detterbeck, Frank C., Tanoue, Lynn T. and Daniel J. Boffa. "Anatomy, Biology and Concepts, Pertaining to Lung Cancer Stage Classification." Journal of Thoracic Oncology 4, no. 4 (2009): 437-443. Accessed Feb 16, 2014. doi: 10.1097/JTO.0b013e31819852ed.

OR

1. Detterbeck, Frank C., Tanoue, Lynn T. and Daniel J. Boffa, "Anatomy, Biology and Concepts, Pertaining to Lung Cancer Stage Classification," Journal of Thoracic Oncology 4, no. 4 (2009): 440-41. Accessed Feb 16, 2014. doi: 10.1097/JTO.0b013e31819852ed.

2. Elizabeth Chapman and Diana Bilton, "Patients' Knowledge of Cystic Fibrosis: Genetic Determinism and Implications for Treatment," Journal of Genetic Counseling 15, no. 3 (2004): 370. Accessed Feb 16, 2014. http://search.proquest.com/docview/218650645?accountid=28366.

Additional Resources:

CMS Citation Format for Websites

Basic Format:

Author, Allison. "Title of Article or Page." Publisher, Sponsor, or Name of Website. Publication date. Access date. URL.

OR

1. Allison Author, "Title of Article or Page," Publisher, Sponsor, or Name of Website, Publication date, Access date, URL.

Sample Citations:

Ogugu, Maurice. "Raspberries & More." University of Illinois Extension. Published 2014. Accessed Feb 16, 2014. http://urbanext.illinois.edu/raspberries/.

Wendler, David. "The Ethics of Clinical Research." Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Published Jan 30, 2009. Accessed Feb 16, 2014. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/clinical-research/.

OR

1. Maurice Ogutu, "Raspberries & More," University of Illinois Extension, Published 2014, Accessed Feb 16, 2014, http://urbanext.illinois.edu/raspberries/.

2. David Wendler, "The Ethics of Clinical Research," Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Published Jan 30, 2009, Accessed Feb 16, 2014, http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/clinical-research/.

Additional Resources:

 

Chicago Manual of Style and Turabian Guidebooks

Cover Art
The Chicago Manual of Style - University of Chicago Staff (Editor)
Call Number: Z253 .U69 2010
ISBN: 9780226104201
Publication Date: 2010-08-01
Availability: Davenport and Florida (Reference)


Palmer College of Chiropractic

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