This is the "MLA Style" page of the "Citation Styles" guide.
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A guide to citing books, print and online articles and websites for research purposes. Styles included: AMA, APA, Chicago/Turabian, ICMJE Recommendations, and MLA. Also features a guide to using RefWorks.
Last Updated: May 9, 2017 URL: http://library.palmer.edu/citationstyles Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

MLA Style Print Page
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Modern Language Association

The citation style of the Modern Language Association (MLA) is used primarily in humanities research.

Here, you will find basic MLA citation formats for books, print journals, online journals, and websites. For information that is more detailed and specific, feel free to consult the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers and the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing (shown on right), or visit the following link:

 

Additional Tips and Guidelines

  • Always list author names as "Surname, Given Name," with the only exception being names that come last after "and"
  • Capitalize and italicize the complete title of a book, website, or journal
  • Article and chapter titles go inside quotation marks
 

Website Disclaimer

Disclaimer: 

Palmer College of Chiropractic is not responsible for the content of the external websites contained in this research guide. The views and opinions of the authors expressed in these external websites do not necessarily state or reflect those of Palmer College of Chiropractic.

MLA Citation Format for Books

Basic Format:

Author, Allison A. and Wanda W. Writer. Book Title. Edition. City of Publication: Publisher, Year Published. Medium.

Sample Citations:

Decherney, Alan H., et al. Current Diagnosis & Treatment Obstetrics & Gynecology. 10th ed. New York, NY: McGraw, 2007. Print.

Haneline, Michael T. Evidence-Based Chiropractic Practice. Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett, 2007. Print.

Purtilo, Ruth B. and Regina F. Doherty. Ethical Dimensions in the Health Professions. 5th ed. St. Louis: Elsevier, 2011. Print.

Additional Resources:

MLA Citation Format for Periodicals

Basic Format:

Author, Allison A. "Article Title." Journal Title Volume.Issue (Year): pages. Medium.

Sample Citations:

Graham, Ronald L. and Joel H. Spencer. "Ramsey Theory." Scientific American 263.1 (1990): 112-117. Print.

Keating, F. Raymond. "Diagnosis of Primary Hyperparathyroidism: Clinical and Laboratory Aspects." Journal of the American Medical Association 178.6 (1961): 547-555. Print.

Nafziger, Rita, Meseke, Jamie K. and Christopher A. Meseke. "Collaborative Testing: The Effect of Group Formation Process on Overall Student Performance." Journal of Chiropractic Education 25.1 (2011): 11-15. Print.

Additional Resources:

MLA Citation Format for Online Journals

Basic Format:

Author, Allison A. and Patrick Penner. "Article Title." Journal Title Volume.Issue (Year): page range. Web. Date Month Year Accessed.

Sample Citations:

Chapman, Elizabeth and Diana Bilton. "Patients' Knowledge of Cystic Fibrosis: Genetic Determinism and Implications for Treatment." Journal of Genetic Counseling 15.3 (2004): 369-385. Web. Accessed 16 Feb 2014.

Detterbeck, Frank C., Tanoue, Lynn T. and Daniel J. Boffa. "Anatomy, Biology and Concepts, Pertaining to Lung Cancer Stage Classification." Journal of Thoracic Oncology 4.4 (2009): 437-443. Web. Accessed 16 Feb 2014.

Additional Resources:

MLA Citation Format for Websites

Basic Format:

Author, editor, or compiler name. "Title of Webpage." Name of Site. Version number. Publisher or sponsor, date of creation. Web. Date Month Year Accessed. <URL>.

Sample Citations:

Ogutu, Maurice. Raspberries & More. University of Illinois Extension, 2014. Web. Accessed 16 Feb 2014. <http://urbanext.illinois.edu/raspberries/>.

Wendler, David. "The Ethics of Clinical Research." Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Stanford University, 30 Jan 2009. Web. Accessed 16 Feb 2014. <http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/clinical-research/>.

Additional Resources:

 

MLA Style Guidebooks

Cover Art
MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers - Joseph Gibaldi; Modern Language Association of America Staff
Call Number: REF LB2369 .G53 2009
ISBN: 9781603290241
Publication Date: 2009-01-01
Availability: Davenport and Florida

Cover Art
MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing - Modern Language Association of America Staff (Created by)
Call Number: REF PN147 .G444 2008
ISBN: 9780873522977
Publication Date: 2008-01-01
Availability: Davenport and Florida

Palmer College of Chiropractic

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